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Frequently Asked Questions - Trainee

What are awarding bodies?

Is CSCT an awarding body?

Does CSCT specify assessment requirements for QCF qualifications?


Who approves/endorses CSCT materials?

What are the awarding bodies' responsibilities?


What are the centres' responsibilities?


What are the tutors' responsibilities?

What is CSCT's responsibility?

What are trainees' responsibilities?

What sort of personal qualities should counselling trainees' have?

What is the structure of CSCT Counselling Studies (for CPCAB Qualification CST03)?


What is a CPCAB descriptor?

What theoretical models are available for the CSCT Therapeutic Counselling Programme for CPCAB Qualification TC04?


Is there a requirement for personal counselling or therapy?

How can I find a suitable counsellor or therapist?


What are Guided Learning Hours (GLH)?

What is the CPCAB?

What is the AQA?

What is the difference between CPCAB and BACP?

If someone has completed a course with a descriptor, can they then do the level above with a different descriptor?

What do the levels on the Qualification and Credit Framework mean?


What happens if trainees need to appeal or complain?


Are CSCT courses BACP Accredited?


Will I be BACP Accredited when I get my Diploma?


What are awarding bodies?
Awarding bodies are organizations (e.g. CPCAB, AQA, NCFE, City and Guilds, ABC/Centra , Edexcel) that are approved by the UK government through the Qualifications Curriculum Authority to offer a range of funded qualifications on the Qualifications and Credit Framework.

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Is CSCT an awarding body?
No, CSCT is not an awarding body. CSCT is a counselling training provider and publisher of counselling training programmes. CSCT writes counselling training materials that meet the Qualifications and Credit Framework specifications of nationally approved awarding bodies.

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Does CSCT specify assessment requirements for QCF qualifications?
No. Only awarding bodies can specify assessment requirements for QCF qualifications. As CSCT is NOT an awarding body, it has no responsibility for the design and specification of assessment requirements or criteria for National Qualifications. CSCT training programmes are written so that trainees will be prepared to meet the awarding body's assessment requirements.
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Who approves/endorses CSCT materials?
There is currently no statutory requirement either in respect of application for funding, or in the running of any specific qualification, for educational material written to QCF qualifications to be endorsed either by an Awarding Body or the Qualifications Curriculum Authority. However, as part of CSCT's commitment to the national provision of high quality counselling training programmes, CSCT continue to collaborate with awarding bodies (e.g. CPCAB, AQA) in a quality assurance process.

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What are the awarding bodies' responsibilities?
To design qualifications that meet QCA requirements; approve of and register centres, tutors and candidates; standardise tutors; externally verify centres. To design and set assessment and qualification requirements, externally assess trainees; award certificates to successful trainees.

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What are the centres' responsibilities?
To register the centre with an awarding body or awarding bodies; to employ tutors, to programme courses, apply for funding and select trainees; to internally verify each course.
To implement equal opportunities, anti-discriminatory practice and appeals procedures.

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What are the tutors' responsibilities?
To register the course and candidates with the awarding body, to set and implement an assessment programme that meets the awarding body's specifications. To deliver the training and assess trainees.

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What is CSCT's responsibility?
To keep aware of and respond to QCA and awarding bodies' changes to counselling qualifications. To design, write and publish counselling training programmes that
a) meet awarding bodies' programmes of study for each qualification
b) prepare trainees for awarding bodies' qualifications

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What are trainees' responsibilities?
Trainees are responsible for their learning, including understanding and implementing course requirements, and participation in class activities. Trainees should try not to become involved in any personal material with which they are unable to deal. CSCT counselling skills training programmes do not constitute counselling and therapy. Trainees need to maintain a boundary between material suitable for exploration and discussion within the training group, and material that should be taken to personal counselling or therapy. Trainees are also responsible for regular attendance, for keeping up with coursework between sessions, and submission of assignments on dates set by tutors.

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What sort of personal qualities should counselling trainees' have?
Trainees need to demonstrate evidence of the following qualities, or the potential for developing them:
· Self awareness, maturity and stability.
· Ability to make use of and reflect upon life experience.
· Capacity to cope with the emotional demands of counselling training.
· Ability to cope with the intellectual and academic requirements.
· Ability to form a helping relationship.
· Ability to be self-critical and use both positive and negative feedback.
· Some awareness of the nature of prejudice and oppression.

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What is the structure of CSCT Counselling Studies (for CPCAB Qualification CST03)?
CSCT Counselling Studies will focus on preparing trainees for the CSCT Therapeutic Counselling Programme, and includes material on the professional framework (i.e. working in agencies), practical skills training as well as an overview of the 3 theoretical approaches (humanistic, psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural). The theory addressed will be readily applicable to preparing to work with clients. Trainees will also be introduced to Supervision.

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What is a CPCAB descriptor?
CPCAB Descriptors are attached to the main qualification titles, and can either refer to the model, e.g. humanistic, psychodynamic etc, or to the context or setting of the work, e.g. Certificate in Counselling Skills - Working with Addictions; Certificate in Counselling Skills - Working With Young People.

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What theoretical models are available for the CSCT Therapeutic Counselling Programme for CPCAB Qualification TC04?
Depending on what options colleges make available, trainees can choose between a Humanistic, Psychodynamic or Integrative Diploma.

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Is there a requirement for personal counselling or therapy?
Awarding bodies may specify a minimum number of hours of personal counselling to be undertaken during training. However, centres/colleges may choose to require trainees to undertake a greater number of hours of counselling or therapy, and trainees are expected to adhere to college requirements.


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How can I find a suitable counsellor or therapist?
In looking for a counsellor or therapist, trainees are encouraged to consult the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) Directory or the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP) register. Alternatively, talk to the course tutor about what to look for in a counsellor or therapist.

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What are Guided Learning Hours (GLH)?
These are all tutor contact hours.

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What is the CPCAB?
The CPCAB was established in 1993 and is the only awarding body in Europe to specialise in the field of counselling and is one of the largest awarding bodies in this field. Managed by professional counselling practitioners, trainers and supervisors, the CPCAB is based on a coherent structure of trainee development that is carried through every level.

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What is the AQA?
The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is an independent company, formed in April 2000 following the merger of the Associated Examining Board and the Northern Examinations and Assessment Board. AQA is a QCA approved awarding body, and is the largest of the three English unitary awarding bodies.

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What is the difference between CPCAB and BACP?
CPCAB stands for The Counselling and Psychotherapy Central Awarding Body. CPCAB has been providing awards since 1994, and is a nationally approved awarding body. This means that CPCAB is authorised by the UK Government (Qualifications Curriculum Authority) to award counselling and psychotherapy qualifications, currently at Further Education levels (2-3), from 2003 - FE(2-3) and Higher Education levels (4-5) and mapped to the Qualifications and Credit Framework.
BACP stands for the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapists formerly BAC - British Association for Counselling. BACP is a professional body which counsellors and psychotherapists can join (on payment of a membership fee).
BACP provides professional accreditation for individual counsellors who have substantial counselling training plus 450 hours of supervised counselling practice. BACP also accredits supervisors and counselling trainers, and has a scheme for "recognising" counselling training programmes of 450 hours or more that meet a range of specified criteria. BACP's activities include the publication of an Ethical framework for practice, a monthly journal, response to complaints about members, and professional development conferences.

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If someone has completed a course with a descriptor, can they then do the level above with a different descriptor?
Yes, providing you have successfully passed the previous level and have some knowledge and experience of the descriptor field you are choosing, e.g. if someone is working with young people.

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What do the levels on the Qualification and Credit Framework mean?
The levels have been established by the Qualifications Curriculum Authority to create nationally recognised standards of achievement within further education. Counselling qualifications begin at Level 2  - broadly equivalent to GCSE level, followed by Level 3 - equivalent to 'A' level qualifications. Level 4 qualifications, is equivalent to degree level (higher education).

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What happens if trainees need to appeal or complain?
All Centres offering CSCT training programmes are expected to have appeals and complaints procedures. Complaints should be made in writing to the appropriate nominated person within the Centre or college, in accordance with the declared complaints procedure of the Centre. CSCT has no involvement in appeals and complaints against tutors or centres.


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Are CSCT courses BACP Accredited?
It is important to realise that BACP Course Accreditation/Recognition is completely different from BACP Accreditation for Individual Counsellors. Whilst completing a BACP Accredited Course makes the process of applying for Individual Accreditation slightly more straightforward, CSCT's therapeutic counselling training programme prepares trainees to fulfill the necessary training requirements (e.g. a minimum of 450 hours of Skills and Theory training), which counsellors need in order to apply for BACP accreditation. BACP course accreditation depends on centre, staff, and programme specific factors. Individual centres offering CSCT counselling training programmes may seek BACP accreditation for their centre's programme.

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Will I be BACP Accredited when I get my Diploma?
No. To apply for BACP Accreditation as a counsellor, in addition to your training hours you also, regardless of which training course you have done, have to have completed 450 hours of supervised practice over a three year period.

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